Pattern hair loss is a condition that typically affects the front and the top of the scalp. When it comes to men, the symptoms of pattern hair loss are loss of hair on the vertex, a receding hairline, or a combination of both. On the other hand, when it comes to women, it is recognized by the overall hair thinning. If you are an adult male with genes of a man who suffers from pattern hair loss, you might start questioning a lot of things, and that includes if you are about to inherit that genetic condition or not.
These questions are totally justified as male-pattern hair loss is nothing but the male form of Androgenetic Alopecia, which triggers genetically predisposed people. So, let us take a look at everything we can know about pattern hair loss in both men and women, step-by-step!
First, why does hair loss happen?
Okay, so before answering this question, let us get back to the basics first. Hairs, as we know it, are tiny shafts of Keratin (a protein). These are brought together in a group of cells known as “hair follicles,” which are responsible to supply the nutrients and oxygen to the bulb of the hair. The lubrication of the hair is done through an oily substance known as the sebum.
Now, the human body, other than the lips, the palm of the hands, and the sole of the feet are covered with hair follicles. The scalp, for instance, contains an approximate of 1,00,000 hair follicles, and more. At any point of time, the hair in your body is in a constant cycle of growth (Anagen), rest (Catagen), and shedding (Telogen) phase.
Hair loss mostly happens due to genetic reasons. Factors such as excessive exposure to the sun, a sudden shock to the brain, pollution, and dirt can also act as reasons that increase the hair fall condition. The severity of the hair loss, however, can range from a part of the head to the entire body and can slowly turn into balding, which can only be treated permanently by a qualified hair transplant surgeon.
So, what are the hair growth stages?
Since now we are all on the same page about the science of hair, we can speak about the hair growth stages. Now, as mentioned, there are three stages of hair growth:
- Anagen: This phase is also referred to be the phase of growth where the cells in the hair bulb divide rapidly to ensure new hair growth. For an average of two to seven years, the hair keeps on actively growing and then becomes dormant. The duration of the Anagen phase depends on the person, and his or her maximum hair length, which is based on genetics, health, and age, among other factors.
- Catagen: This phase is also known as the resting phase. It is short and lasts for a maximum of a few weeks. This is a transitional phase, where the hair detaches itself from the blood supply and stops growing. Hair in this phase is also known as a club hair.
- Telogen: The final phase of the hair growth stages, this is also known as the resting or shedding time. Here, the club hair rests in the root, and the new hair starts to grow beneath it. Lasting for around three months, this is when the hair fall typically starts to happen.
Always remember that each hair follicle is independent, and the hair growth cycle is different for them. This also means that when around eighty percent of your hair is in the Anagen phase, the other twenty percent might be in either Catagen or Telogen phase at one time.
What do you mean by the Norwood hair loss scale?
Okay, so we can now carry on to the next segment of the topic, the Norwood-Hamilton scale of hair loss. This is nothing but a classification system that is used to typically measure male pattern baldness by the hair loss transplant doctor. The scale offers several easy to reference images that are a representation of the various stages of balding. It also helps the doctor to diagnose the extent of baldness and discuss the treatment options for effective results. This classification is divided into seven stages:
- Stage 1: You would find no recession of hairline or hair loss.
- Stage 2: There is a small recession of the hairline, typically around the temple.
- Stage 3 and Vertex: There is the first sign of significant balding where the temple recession resembles an M, U, or V Shape. When it is in Stage 3 Vertex, the hairline stays at stage two, but hair loss around the top of the scalp is seen.
- Stage 4: Here, there is almost no hair seen on the vertex, and the hairline recession is severe. The areas of hair loss are connected with a band of hair that touches the sides of the scalp.
- Stage 5: The areas of hair loss are significantly larger than the previous stage, and the connecting band of hair is narrower.
- Stage 6: The vertex and temples’ balding areas are joined, and there is almost no connecting band of hair.
- Stage 7: Only a band of hair around the sides of the head is seen.
Male and female pattern hair loss
Pattern baldness is something that cannot be predicted at all but is always suggested you visit a hair loss treatment doctor if baldness runs in your genes. The highest incidence in men for pattern hair loss is seen within the age group of 18 to 40 years. When it comes to female pattern baldness, you will be able to see the pattern less clearly than that in men. A visit to a specialist would be able to let you know about the reason you are facing this condition.
The Professional Touch
Hair loss can be deeply unsettling for a lot of people, especially when you are young and looking forward to a boost in your career, and the best way to solve this problem is by going for a hair transplant surgery. For the same, it is always suggested that you visit the American Board of Hair Restoration Surgery (ABHRS) certified doctors. One of the most reputable clinics across the world that provide such services is the Saraswat Hospital.
Based in Agra, India, the hospital uses state of the art technology to perform all procedures. Dr. Satya Saraswat and Dr. Preeti Saraswat has been specializing in hair transplant for over a decade, ensuring complete care for all patients. It is also one of the very few hospitals that are allowed to perform the UGraft™ punch method for hair transplant at the premises. Should you want to discuss your condition with the experts at the hospital and get an appointment, dial +91-9258386320 or +91-9690039999.